# 3.2 Domain and range  (Page 4/11)

 Page 4 / 11

## Describing sets on the real-number line

Describe the intervals of values shown in [link] using inequality notation, set-builder notation, and interval notation.

To describe the values, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ included in the intervals shown, we would say, “ $x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is a real number greater than or equal to 1 and less than or equal to 3, or a real number greater than 5.”

 Inequality $1\le x\le 3\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{or}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x>5$ Set-builder notation $\left\{x|1\le x\le 3\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{or}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x>5\right\}$ Interval notation $\left[1,3\right]\cup \left(5,\infty \right)$

Remember that, when writing or reading interval notation, using a square bracket means the boundary is included in the set. Using a parenthesis means the boundary is not included in the set.

Given [link] , specify the graphed set in

1. words
2. set-builder notation
3. interval notation

1. values that are less than or equal to –2, or values that are greater than or equal to –1 and less than 3;
2. $\left\{x|x\le -2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{or}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}-1\le x<3\right\}$ ;
3. $\left(-\infty ,-2\right]\cup \left[-1,3\right)$

## Finding domain and range from graphs

Another way to identify the domain and range of functions is by using graphs. Because the domain refers to the set of possible input values, the domain of a graph consists of all the input values shown on the x -axis. The range is the set of possible output values, which are shown on the y -axis. Keep in mind that if the graph continues beyond the portion of the graph we can see, the domain and range may be greater than the visible values. See [link] .

We can observe that the graph extends horizontally from $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}-5\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to the right without bound, so the domain is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left[-5,\infty \right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ The vertical extent of the graph is all range values $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}5\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and below, so the range is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(\mathrm{-\infty },5\right].\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Note that the domain and range are always written from smaller to larger values, or from left to right for domain, and from the bottom of the graph to the top of the graph for range.

## Finding domain and range from a graph

Find the domain and range of the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ whose graph is shown in [link] .

We can observe that the horizontal extent of the graph is –3 to 1, so the domain of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-3,1\right].$

The vertical extent of the graph is 0 to –4, so the range is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left[-4,0\right).\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ See [link] .

## Finding domain and range from a graph of oil production

Find the domain and range of the function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ whose graph is shown in [link] .

The input quantity along the horizontal axis is “years,” which we represent with the variable $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for time. The output quantity is “thousands of barrels of oil per day,” which we represent with the variable $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}b\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ for barrels. The graph may continue to the left and right beyond what is viewed, but based on the portion of the graph that is visible, we can determine the domain as $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}1973\le t\le 2008\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and the range as approximately $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}180\le b\le 2010.$

In interval notation, the domain is [1973, 2008], and the range is about [180, 2010]. For the domain and the range, we approximate the smallest and largest values since they do not fall exactly on the grid lines.

Given [link] , identify the domain and range using interval notation.

domain =[1950,2002] range = [47,000,000,89,000,000]

what are you up to?
nothing up todat yet
Miranda
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jai
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jai
Miranda Drice
jai
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jai
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Miranda
I am living in india
jai
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Miranda
what is the formula for calculating algebraic
I think the formula for calculating algebraic is the statement of the equality of two expression stimulate by a set of addition, multiplication, soustraction, division, raising to a power and extraction of Root. U believe by having those in the equation you will be in measure to calculate it
Miranda
state and prove Cayley hamilton therom
hello
Propessor
hi
Miranda
the Cayley hamilton Theorem state if A is a square matrix and if f(x) is its characterics polynomial then f(x)=0 in another ways evey square matrix is a root of its chatacteristics polynomial.
Miranda
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jai
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jai
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Propessor
welcome
jai
What is algebra
algebra is a branch of the mathematics to calculate expressions follow.
Miranda
Miranda Drice would you mind teaching me mathematics? I think you are really good at math. I'm not good at it. In fact I hate it. 😅😅😅
Jeffrey
lolll who told you I'm good at it
Miranda
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Jeffrey
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Miranda
but seriously, Im really bad at math. And I hate it. But you see, I downloaded this app two months ago hoping to master it.
Jeffrey
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Miranda
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Miranda
Jeffrey
Jeffrey
Miranda
how come you finished in college and you don't like math though
Miranda
gotta practice, holmie
Steve
if you never use it you won't be able to appreciate it
Steve
I don't know why. But Im trying to like it.
Jeffrey
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Jeffrey
so you better
Miranda
what is the solution of the given equation?
which equation
Miranda
I dont know. lol
Jeffrey
Miranda
Jeffrey
answer and questions in exercise 11.2 sums
how do u calculate inequality of irrational number?
Alaba
give me an example
Chris
and I will walk you through it
Chris
cos (-z)= cos z .
cos(- z)=cos z
Mustafa
what is a algebra
(x+x)3=?
6x
Obed
what is the identity of 1-cos²5x equal to?
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Kishu
Hi
Abdel
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Nokwanda
C'est comment
Abdel
Hi
Amanda
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SORIE
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Abdel
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SORIE
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Yaona
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SORIE
it's 12
what is the function of sine with respect of cosine , graphically
tangent bruh
Steve
cosx.cos2x.cos4x.cos8x
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
what is a reciprocal
The reciprocal of a number is 1 divided by a number. eg the reciprocal of 10 is 1/10 which is 0.1
Shemmy
Reciprocal is a pair of numbers that, when multiplied together, equal to 1. Example; the reciprocal of 3 is ⅓, because 3 multiplied by ⅓ is equal to 1
Jeza
each term in a sequence below is five times the previous term what is the eighth term in the sequence
I don't understand how radicals works pls
How look for the general solution of a trig function By By By Anh Dao By George Turner By Janet Forrester By Rhodes By Danielrosenberger By OpenStax By Robert Morris By Joanna Smithback By Jonathan Long By Steve Gibbs