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English first additional language

Grade 8

Language as a tool

Module 12

To expand vocabulary

Using words for various purposes can be great fun and quite challenging. Now let us take a closer look at the Wonderful World of Words. We shall be looking at the use of dictionaries and how to use the most effective word in a specific situation.

Activity 1:

To expand vocabulary

To show some understanding of how reference books work

[lo 6.9, 3.8]

The Wonderful World of Words

This activity may be done with a partner.

You must, however, give your own answers after all discussion has been completed.

  • Have you used a THESAURUS before? .
  • What information does a Thesaurus give you?

A Thesaurus =

The following extract comes from the NEW COLLINS THESAURUS

Cool adj . 1 chilled, chilling, chilly, coldish, nippy, refreshing 2 calm, collected, composed, deliberate, dispassionate, imperturbable, level-headed, placid, quiet, relaxed, self-controlled, self-possessed, serene, together (s l.) , unemotional, unexcited, unruffled 3 aloof, apathetic, distant, frigid, incurious, indifferent, lukewarm, offhand, reserved, stand-offish, uncommunicative, unconcerned, unenthusiastic, unfriendly, uninterested, unresponsive, unwelcoming 4 audacious, bold, brazen, cheeky, impertinent, impudent, presumptuous, shameless 5 Inf. c osmopolitan, elegant, sophisticated, urbane v. 6 chill, cool off, freeze, lose heat, refrigerate 7 abate, allay, assuage, calm (down), dampen, lessen, moderate, quiet, temper – n. 8 s l. calmness, composure, control, poise, self-control, self-discipline, self-possession, temper

Replace the word cool in the following sentences with a word which has a similar meaning taken from the extract. (Remember you will first have to look at its meaning in the sentence.)

1. He was very cool towards me when I met him at the soccer match and this upset me. (no. 3)

2. The fireman was very cool when he rushed in to rescue the toddler from the burning room (2).

3. The evenings become cool as winter approaches. (no.1)

  1. She was quite cool when she went into the disco without her ID – she was underage. (no. 4)

5. I am going to cool this milk so that it does not become rancid. (no. 6)

6. He is quite a cool guy and everyone in the class wants to be seen with him. (no. 2)

Let us improve our work by replacing the underlined words in the following sentences with a more descriptive word. You may write down more than one answer!!!

  • It was a nice curry.
  • Gram’s garden had a nice smell.
  • The flea market has some nice things for sale.
  • She put lots of different spices into her curry.
  • It was a friendly street with lots of little shops.
  • Mr Smith had lots of magazines on his bookshelf at school.

There are many different characters in the story Mila’s Magic . Each one has a particular way of doing certain things, e.g. walking. There are different words to describe the different ways of walking . Here are a list of some of them.

In pairs, decide what the ACTION would be and WHY a person would walk like this. Some of you can demonstrate these walking motions to the rest of the class.

  • Now write a sentence next to each word in the list.
  • Demonstrate with these sentences the exact meaning of each word.Waddle; March; Hobble; Shuffle; Slouch; Stride; Limp; Saunter; Strut; Toddle

Questions & Answers

what is a market demand schedule
Blessed Reply
What is demand curve
mohamed Reply
Types of demand curve
mohamed
demand curve is a showing the aggregate of demand whether falling from right to the left in the table above
BULAMA
demand curve is the graphical representation of various quantities of a commodity bought at various prices
Blessed
What is the formula for calculating elasticity
Hafsat Reply
what is demand
Anefor Reply
demand is the quantity of commodity that consumers wil be able and wiling to buy at a given price at a given time
Delly
what is international trade?
Friday Reply
it is the exchange of goods and services across international borders.
Tweneboah
what is taxation
Eunice Reply
the definition of economic by Adam Smith
Geon Reply
Adam Smith define economic as the science of wealth
Hafsat
What is enconomics
mohamed
what is meant by pisp in economics?
Amara Reply
payment initiation service provider
Khuselo
what is demand
Joy Reply
demand
Demand refers to the consumers' desire to purchase goods at given prices. Demand can mean either demand for a specific good or aggregate demand for the total of all goods in an economy.
What is economc
Joseph Reply
What is economc
nahurira
What is Economic
Vicky Reply
What's the price index of consumption?
Pun Reply
what population
Hackman Reply
I think it's the sum total of people in a goegraphical area at a given time
Ruth
it refers to the number of people living in a particular area over a given period of time
Vanessa
decribe law of demand
Lovely Reply
the higher the price , the higher the quantity demanded
Ruth
what is economic growth
Metuge Reply
what is an economic system
Metuge
Economic system is the mechanism which deals with the production, distribution and consumption of good and services in a particular society
Happy
of course
Maesela
what is a weight
Maesela
What is a weight
mohamed
in a comparison of the stages of meiosis to the stage of mitosis, which stages are unique to meiosis and which stages have the same event in botg meiosis and mitosis
Leah Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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