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Sosiale wetenskappe: aardrykskunde

Graad 6

Handel en ontwikkeling

Module 12

Eienskappe van ontwikkelende lande

A. Eienskappe van ontwikkelende lande

1. L ae lewensverwagting – word gemeet aan die gemiddelde ouderdom wat die mens na verwagting sal bereik.

Voltooi en bestudeer die meegaande tabel:

N/S Land Lewensverwagting in jare
.....N...... Kanada 78,8
.......... Brittanje 77,8
.......... VSA 77
......... Brasilië 67,7
....S..... Suid-Afrika 52,1
......... Angola 45,2
......... Zimbabwe 42,9
......... Mosambiek 39

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om afleidings uit statistiek te maak

[lu 1.2, 1.5, 2.2]

Bespreek jou bevindings in groepverband en skryf ‘n kort paragraaf daaroor met spesifieke verwysing na die moontlike redes vir die patroon soos aangedui .

As gevolg van die groot besteding aan gesondheidsdienste in ontwikkelde lande is daar minder babas wat by geboorte sterf en minder kinders wat vroeg sterf. Mense word ook baie ouer as gevolg van goeie en voorkomende mediese sorg.

2. Lae standaard van onderwys

Onderwys en opleiding bepaal die vlak waarop die bevolking van ‘n land funksioneer en produseer. As ons in gedagte hou dat daar ongeveer 80 miljoen kinders in die arm Suide is wat geen skool bywoon nie, kan ons verstaan waarom arm lande ‘n toekoms van werkloosheid in die gesig staar. Sonder die nodige opleiding kan hulle nie gereed gemaak word vir die wêreld van werk om sodoende hul eie leefwêreld te probeer verbeter nie.

Hoe dink jy beïnvloed ‘n lae geletterdheidspersentasie die ekonomie van ‘n land?

3. Swak gesondheidsorg

Die persentasie van ‘n land se begroting wat aan sy gesondheidsdienste bestee word, bepaal hoofsaaklik die standaard van gesondheidsorg in die land. Kyk ons na die gemiddelde persentasie van 4% by ontwikkelende lande teen die 96% by ontwikkelde lande in die grafiek op bl. 12 kan ons verstaan waarom die hospitale in so baie arm lande in so ‘n swak toestand is. Die hoeveelheid dokter en fasiliteite is heeltemal ontoereikend vir die getal inwoners van die land.

Interessante statistiek

Kwota pasiënte per mediese dokter
Ontwikkelde Europese land (N) 1:250
Ontwikkelende Afrika land (S) 1:20 000

4. Werkloosheid

Oorbevolking en lae geletterheid is van die hoofoorsake van werkloosheid. Almal wil werk om geld te verdien om ‘n bestaan te kan maak. As iemand werkloos is, kan hy/sy nie selfonderhoudend wees nie en geen bydrae lewer tot die ekonomie van die land nie.

5. Swak voeding en toegang tot veilige water

Die grafiek op bl. 12 dui aan dat slegs 43% van die wêreld se voedselproduksie in lande gevind word wat 80% van die wêreld se bevolking huisves. Dit, saam met die lae lewensverwagting en gebrekkige opvoeding en opleiding, sowel as ontoereikende industrieë gee vir ons ‘n resep vir wanvoeding (wanneer iemand nie genoeg gesonde kos inneem nie). Ongeveer 30% van die arm Suide se kinders het nie genoeg voedsel om daagliks te eet nie.

In ontwikkelende lande is baie mense afhanklik van ‘n spruit of rivier vir hul daaglikse vars water. Hierdie bronne is nie altyd veilig en skoon nie en dit lei tot die uitbreek van siektes soos cholera waaraan baie mense jaarliks sterf.

Questions & Answers

who was the first nanotechnologist
Lizzy Reply
k
Veysel
technologist's thinker father is Richard Feynman but the literature first user scientist Nario Tagunichi.
Veysel
Norio Taniguchi
puvananathan
Interesting
Andr
I need help
Richard
anyone have book of Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf book in pdf Fundamentals of Nanoparticles: Classifications, Synthesis
Naeem Reply
what happen with The nano material on The deep space.?
pedro Reply
It could change the whole space science.
puvananathan
the characteristics of nano materials can be studied by solving which equation?
sibaram Reply
plz answer fast
sibaram
synthesis of nano materials by chemical reaction taking place in aqueous solvents under high temperature and pressure is call?
sibaram
hydrothermal synthesis
ISHFAQ
how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
STM - Scanning Tunneling Microscope.
puvananathan
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10999/1.1
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